Government accountability is intrinsic to democracies, as citizens can choose public officials through their popular vote and accordingly exercise some control and oversight over the officials. But elections held in periodic intervals do not allow the scrutiny of the decisions and activities that are conducted on a daily basis. This article examines how to confront this challenge of holding the governments to account, by looking into local governance in Nepal, where citizens have limited knowledge of the government decisions, activities, procedures followed, and their outcomes.
Existing literature provides ample evidence on how people understand accountability in different contexts. However, little attention has been paid on the integration of various theoretical perspectives about understanding accountability for education service delivery. Discussing theoretical premises against the empirical evidence from the community schools of Nepal, this article explores common ground of various theoretical perspectives about understanding school actors' accountability.
Numerous inter-related social and institutional factors are causing concern as to effective responses to the increasing number and severity of forest and wildfires in Nepal, due in similar measure to socio-cultural, politico-bureaucratic as well as global climatic issues.
The Government of Nepal has adopted various policies, plans and programs to curb corruption over the years. However, Transparency International (2015) showed that there is a high level of corruption in Nepal. Bearing such aspect in the mind, the study aims to analyse level, pattern and trend of corruption in Nepal by analysing the cases published by Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority in its annual reports from 2005 to 2015.
The present study examines the status of Human Development Index (HDI) for 1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011 for seven provinces of Nepal and projected for 2016, 2021, 2026. Base data are obtained from Nepal Human Development Reports (HDR)1998, 2004, 2009 and 2014. The HDI value for the Province 1, 3, 4 and 5 are relatively higher than national average and that for Province 6 is least followed by Province 2 and Province 7. The largest HDI value for 1996 is 0.499 for Province 1, in 2001 is 0.508 for Province 4, in2006 is 0.558 for Province 3 and in 2011is 0.560 for Province.
This paper examines the contribution of fiscal decentralization on reducing human poverty in the districts of Nepal. Development landscape of twenty-first century has changed with more focus on human-centric development under the umbrella of human development. Accordingly, the broader goal of development is not only to increase the economic growth but also to enlarge the choices of people. The key finding of this paper is that the ongoing efforts on fiscal decentralization are supportive to reduce the human poverty in the districts.
Department of Geography, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola-Nigeria
A. A. Tafida
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola-Nigeria
Yogendra Kumar Karki
Joint Secretary, Ministry of Agricultural Development, Nepal
Punya Prasad Regmi
Professor, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
Joint Secretary, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development, Nepal
Hong Kong Baptist University & Beijing Normal University, United International College (UIC), Zhuhai, Guangdong Province, China
Assistant Professor, Kathmandu University School of Management
Kathmandu University School of Management
This paper studies regional differences in currently married women’s employment status, its nature and some of the covariates in Nepal, with special focus to their education and economic status by analysing data from Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, 2011. Women’s employment, with substantial regional variation in the three ecological regions, is predominately unpaid, done mainly for family members, mostly in agriculture sector and women work throughout the year. Women are employed mainly in family farm and their job is unpaid.
Nepalese women are behind than men in many areas, such as educational attainment, participation in decision-making and health service utilization, all of which have an impact on reproductive health outcomes. This paper explores effect of women's role on household decision making on institutional delivery of the child in Nepal Data as drawn from the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey, 2011. The analysis is confined to women who had given birth in the five years preceding the survey (n=4,148).
Family planning and maternal health care programme has been initiated in an integrated approach for a long time in Nepal. However, the use status of family planning method could not be presented at good instance. The International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), 1994 and later millennium development goal 2002, both paved the way out for the situation mostly in the developing countries. Nepal also has made some changes in its services aiming to reduce high maternal mortality and promote to use family planning method.
This paper has explored the various factors namely technological factors, organisational factors, environmental factors and psychological factors that influence in the adoption of Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS). The purpose of the paper is to focus on the factors essential for the adaptability and capability of companies to accept the introduction of information systems like HRIS. The paper is descriptive in nature and the respondents are the users of HRIS in small, medium and large scale companies.
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Inclusive growth and Sustainability are essential aspects of the core strategy and business practices for cutting edge organizations. Sustainable development and CSR as an agenda, have matured rapidly, and is driven by demand for greater accountability by corporate to society in India. Views on corporate responsibility have contributed to mounting pressure on business to demonstrate its social accountability.
The proposed 72 kilo meter long Outer Ring Road (ORR) project for the Kathmandu valley constitutes the construction of 50 meter wide road (eight lane highway) and development of 250 meter of land on either side through land pooling technique. It has a vision of developing the valley as a ‘national capital region’ and managing the population growth in the next 15-20 years through planned urban development. This ambitious project covers forty village development committees, three municipalities and one metropolitan city.
Literature has shown that various studies have dealt with different professional features of teaching and they have focused on one or few professional characteristics of educators. In spite of the immense amount of literature on educator characteristics, a comprehensive study that would encompass the vital professional characteristics of an educator in total is lacking. This has instigated the researcher to take up the study to identify the professional characteristics of an educator.
The microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Nepal are constrained in capacity of key technical areas essential to rural finance operations such as accounting, auditing, strategic planning, financial analysis, and portfolio management. This lack significantly limits their potential to expand their client base and outreach to poor households. The number of MFIs with private sector's participation is expanding significantly.