Research Team: Anil Kumar Gupta, Trilochan Poudyal and Sundar Shrestha
Doubtlessly, success and failure of local government is heavily reliant on politicians and bureaucrats relation. Both, politicians and bureaucrats have realized that their role is viable and prominent for effective and efficient local governance. In this regard, we explored politicians and bureaucrats’ relation in the changed socio-political and administrative setting of local governance. For this, we employed qualitative approach where the case study was adopted as a strategy of inquiry in three local level institutions (rural municipality, municipality and metropolitan city) by conducting an in-depth interview along with observation in 2018. The result of the study shows that the relation between bureaucrats and politicians is directed by political ideology and administrative appliance. Bureaucrats are highly focused on rules, regulations, and procedure with professional interdependence while politicians are focused on the development and welfare of local people. Hence, bureaucrats seem directly accountable to rule and regulation and indirectly to local people while politicians seem directly accountable to people as representatives. Politicians are conscious about rules and procedures for maintaining good governance but they also believe that these are not necessarily always applicable and valid in every situation. In contrary, bureaucrats reproached that politicians don't try to understand legal complications, technical hitches, and limitation of bureaucrats.
Keywords: Politicians, bureaucrats, rules, procedures and local governance