Service Rendered to: Social Development Ministry, Karnali Province
Research and Consulting
Service Rendered to: Gandaki Province
Project Director: Mr. Trilochan Pokharel
Program Officer: Ms. Anita Poudel
Information Technology Officer: Mr. Shashi Shekhar Acharya
Financial Supported by: The Asia Foundation
Advisor: Mr. Khum Raj Punjali
Lead Author: Mr. Trilochan Pokharel
Team Member ( Governance Expert): Dr. Hari Dhungana
Financial Support by: The Asia Foundation
Principal researcher: Tulasi Sharan Sigdel
Team Member: Shiva Hari Adhikari
Research Officer: Tara Prasad Kharel
Punya Prasad Neupane
Research Team: Dr. Raghu Bista, Mr. Ashish Rai, Mr. Pramod Niroula and Mr. Shailendra Prasad Bhatt
Efficient use of the capital budget is one of the means to bring out economic growth and development. However, in Nepal, a significant proportion of capital budget remains unspent. In this context, the present study aims to explore the overall trends patterns and causes of low capital budget expenditure. Since the study is explorative in nature 21 different key informants have been purposively selected for open-ended semi-structured questionnaire guided in-depth interview in order to dig out the inner causes behind the low capital budget expenditure of Nepal. The response from the key informants has been content analyzed to generate 11 serious categories of factors that are responsible in low spending of capital budget that include budget planning, process, cultures, ethics and integrity, Implementation Capacity Deficiency, Procurement and Contract Management, Contractors' Professionalism and Competency, Geographical Complexities and Scarcity of Construction Materials, Managerial Aspects, Insufficient Stakeholder Analysis and Management , and Monitoring and Evaluation. The findings are useful particularly for budget planning and implementing authorities including outsourcing organizations.
Key Words: Budget, Capital Expenditure, Programs and Projects, Procurement Competency
Research Team: Shilu Pradhan and Anita Poudel
The study aims to identify the commitments and initiatives of GRB in Nepal, analyze the status of implementation of GRB and explore various lessons for Nepal for effective implementation of GRB initiatives. The research was carried out using the secondary data and also through primary data from key Informant Interviews of about eight stakeholders. Upon analysis of findings, it was found that a good initiative towards adopting GRB is taken by the Government of Nepal. However, various improvement areas are found for the effective implementation of the entire GRB process through the concerned authorities at Ministerial and sectorial line ministries.
Keywords: GRB, Implementation, Commitments, Nepal
Research Team: Tara Prasad Kharel
Irrigation governance is one of the important aspects to understand the sustainability of the irrigation system. So, this study tried to provide a clear picture of the challenges of WUA of Bijayapur Irrigation System in irrigation governance. This study required qualitative data analyzed on the basis of common property regime and selected key elements of good governance. Being a case study, only two units namely WUA and irrigation development division are studied. The result obtained by the analysis shows the prevalence of the challenges faced by WUA in irrigation governance. The system (including WUA) is not economically autonomous and contains structural and non-structural issues related to the governance of the system. Stakeholders believe to increase irrigation service fee and shift of paradigm of irrigation management transfer principle to co-operative model. Furthermore, it also requires clear policy and legal provision for irrigation governance in changed context.
Kew words: Irrigation, Governance, Co-operative, WUA