Corruption in Nepal: Level, Pattern and Trend Analysis

Published date: 
Thursday, November 22, 2018
Volume: 
28
Pages: 
36-52
Anil Kumar Gupta, Shiva Hari Adhikari, Gyan Laxmi Shrestha
 
The Government of Nepal has adopted various policies, plans and programs to curb
corruption over the years. However, Transparency International (2015) showed that there
is a high level of corruption in Nepal. Bearing such aspect in the mind, the study aims to
analyse level, pattern and trend of corruption in Nepal by analysing the cases published
by Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority in its annual reports from 2005
to 2015. Applying descriptive and bivariate analysis, it draws a level, trend and pattern of
corruption and improper conduct using the disaggregated level data. Similarly, it seeks to
analyse the relationship between corruption and gender as well as a position of a public
official and working place of officials. Findings of this study showed that Nepal has relatively
decreased the global corruption index of 2015 compared to 2013 and 2014. It is interesting
to note that corruption cases lodged decreased dramatically from 2006 to 2008, however,
it started to increase from 2008 onward. Similarly, it is seen that there was no significant
fluctuation noticed in the number of complaints received and resolved in the Year between
2006 and 2015. During the Year between 2005 and 2015, the Central Development Region
had the highest annual number of corruption and improper complaints registered, whereas
the Far-Western Development Region had the lowest. Similarly, Tarai districts recorded the
highest number of corruption cases complaints between 2005 and 2013. During the Year
2005 to 2015, Mahottari was repeatedly listed in the top 10 districts registering highest
number of corruption and improper conduct's complaints. Additionally, this study also
showed a significant relationship in gender, position, working place, and types of corruption
with small to moderate effect which offers a new and conclusive perspective in a debate in
the scientific community regarding their association.
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