Functional Analysis and Institutional Arrangements in the Forest Sector in Federal setting of Nepal
Service rendered to: Ministry of Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation through Hariyo Ban Program/WWF Nepal
Consulting Team: Punya Prasad Neupane, Khum Raj Punjali, Swoyambhu Man Amatya, Ram Krishna Timalsena, Trilochan Pokharel and Rajendra Adhikari
Following the promulgation of the Constitution of Nepal on 20 September 2015, the Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation (MoFSC) with the support from Hariyo Ban Program/WWF Nepal took initiatives to have a detailed analysis of the functions and proposal on institutional arrangements on forest sector (including all the allied sectors). Thus, upon the request of MoFSC, Nepal Administrative Staff College (NASC) initiated a study to conduct a detailed functional analysis of constitutional provisions on forest sector and provide a proposal of institutional arrangements required at three tiers of Governments in line with the principles of federalization. Specifically, the assignment will review the existing functional and institutional arrangements in forest sector of Nepal, review the institutional arrangements of selected countries with federal system, analyze the provisions of functional allocations to three tiers of governments in the new constitution and develop a proposal for institutional arrangements at federal, provincial and local level based on the constitutional provision. The study is expected to provide a set of reference recommendations to support the government for taking decisions to implement federalization. The study will provide recommendations on the following aspects:
- It sets principles for assigning structures for functions. Government may take this as reference for deciding on institutional arrangements for forest sector.
- It documents a set of global experiences on implementing federalization, from Brazil, Canada, India, Malaysia etc. as reference to understand context to restructure institutional set-up for forest sector governance in the Federal Nepal.
- It unbundles the constitutional allocation of functions from an institutional arrangements perspective. It provides evidence for the government to take decisions on making necessary arrangements for delivering functions.
- Importantly, the report of the study will provides a detail proposal for institutional set-ups on forest sector based on the agreed principles– constitutional provisions, efficiency, effectiveness, institutional linkages (vertical and horizontal) and avoiding redundancy, among others.
- It provides principles for estimating required human resources for forest sector service delivery, providing a basis for the government to initiate preparations for human resource management. However, defining the size and position of staff requires comprehensive clarity in functions and structures followed by workload analysis.
- It identifies a number of potential challenges that the government may have to encounter to federalize forest sector governance and suggests some measures to mitigate the risks.